London Chemicals & Resources Ltd (LCR) is an international distributor, stockist and supplier of industrial inorganic chemicals including vanadium sulfate.
Ferrovanadium (FeV) is an alloy formed by combining iron and vanadium with a vanadium content range of 35–85%. The production of this alloy results in a grayish silver crystalline solid that can be crushed into a powder called “ferrovanadium dust”. Ferrovanadium is a universal hardener, strengthener and anti-corrosive additive for steels like high-strength low-alloy steel, tool steels, as well as other ferrous-based products. It has significant advantages over both iron and vanadium individually.
Ferrovanadium is used as an additive to improve the qualities of ferrous alloys. One such use is to improve corrosion resistance to alkaline reagents as well as sulfuric and hydrochloric acids. It is also used to improve the tensile strength-to-weight ratio of the material. One application of such steels is in the chemical processing industry for high pressure high throughput fluid handling systems dealing with industrial-scale sulfuric acid production. It is also commonly used for hand tools e.g. spanners (wrenches), screwdrivers, ratchets, etc.
An Alloy of Iron and Vanadium
Ferrovanadium, an alloy of iron and vanadium, is a significant material in various industries due to its notable properties and benefits. The vanadium content in this alloy ranges from 35-85%, making it highly adaptable to different applications .
In terms of properties, ferrovanadium boasts of strength, anti-corrosive characteristics, and high tensile strength. Its composition can vary, with impurities making up to 11% by weight, and it can be synthesized via reduction by silicon or aluminum. Interestingly, ferrovanadium dust is a mild irritant, with occupational exposure limits set at 1.0 mg/m3 for long-term exposure and 3.0 mg/m3 for short-term exposure .
As for its uses, ferrovanadium is primarily utilised as an additive to boost the qualities of ferrous alloys . One example of this is in the chemical processing industry, where it is used for high-pressure fluid handling systems. This is due to its ability to enhance the strength and durability of metals, making them more capable of withstanding intense pressure conditions .
Ferrovanadium is also a critical component in the manufacture of hand tools, contributing to their resilience and longevity . This is a testament to the material’s versatility and adaptability.
In the legislative scene, there are proposals supporting vanadium and other critical minerals, such as H.R. 8143, also known as the Reclaiming Act. This highlights the critical role of ferrovanadium and other vanadium-based materials in various industries and sectors .
In conclusion, ferrovanadium is a highly versatile and valuable material. Its unique properties and extensive applications make it a significant player in various industries, from the chemical processing industry to the manufacturing sector . Its relevance and importance are underscored by the ongoing legislative efforts to support its production and use .
Global Customer Base
We hold several agencies and serve a global customer base both directly and via a network of local offices and agents. LCR is committed to providing efficient service and competitive pricing to all customers.
Working closely with several producer principals around the world, quality, consistency and reliability are all important watchwords for LCR ensuring that our customers return again and again.
Raw materials are supplied for a wide range of applications including the battery, catalyst, ceramic, fertiliser, glass, plating, refinery, superalloy and other industries. Our materials are usually packed in drums or bags in accordance with UN, CLP and other applicable local and international regulations.
Wide Range of Qualities Available
We deliver to our customers in quantities ranging from single bags or drums to thousands of tonnes. Transportation by air, sea, rail and truck can be arranged and all deliveries are made according to latest INCOTERMS.
Our experienced, friendly and knowledgeable staff at LCR are familiar with relevant legislation, transport procedures and documentation including REACH, SDSs and ADR.
LCR’s range includes inorganic chemicals, minerals and noble ferroalloys, click here for the full range.
What is Vanadium Sulfate?
Vanadium(II) sulfate describes a family of inorganic compounds with the formula VSO4(H2O)x where 0 ≤ x ≤ 7. The hexahydrate is most commonly encountered. It is a violet solid that dissolves in water to give air-sensitive solutions of the aquo complex. The salt is isomorphous with [Mg(H2O)6]SO4. Compared to the V–O bond length of 191 pm in [V(H2O)6]3+, the V–O distance is 212 pm in the [V(H2O)6]SO4. This nearly 10% elongation reflects the effect of the lower charge, hence weakened electrostatic attraction.
The heptahydrate has also been crystallized. The compound is prepared by electrolytic reduction of vanadyl sulfate in sulfuric acid. The crystals also feature [V(H2O)6]2+ centers but with an extra water of crystallization. The salt is isomorphous with ferrous sulfate heptahydrate. A related salt is vanadous ammonium sulfate, (NH4)2V(SO4)2·6H2O, a Tutton’s salt isomorphous with ferrous ammonium sulfate.
The following are some of our key vanadium containing items:
- Ammonium Metavanadate
- Potassium Metavanadate
- Potassium Orthovanadate
- Vanadium Pentoxide
- Vanadyl Sulphate
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